To the northwest, and around Mount Ruapehu, between an altitude of 1200 and 1500 m, tussock shrubland and tussock grass covers large areas (around 150 km2), consisting mainly of New Zealand red tussock grass (Chionochloa rubra), inaka, curled leaved neinei (Dracophyllum recurvum), wire rush (Empodisma minus), and bog rush (Schoenus pauciflorus), as well as heather and grasses like hard tussock (Festuca novaezelandiae) and bluegrass (Poa colensoi). It has World Heritage Area status because of its outstanding natural topography and cultural associations. The Pacific Plate subducts under the Australian plate, and subsequently melts due to the high temperatures of the aesthenosphere. A dual World Heritage site, this National Park is situated in the central north island. Start studying Geography- Tongariro facts. The active volcanic mountains Ruapehu, Ngauruhoe, and Tongariro are located in the centre of the park. Due to the sacred status of these … The mountain summits are of great significance for the cultural identity of the local Maori people. It was then that he named Tongariro and the many features of the surrounding landscape, declaring this area as home for his descendants. Tongariro National Park was the fourth National Park established in the world. Understory species within the forests include ferns such as crown fern (Blechnum discolor) as well as shrub species. It is amongst the oldest National Parks in the world and is the hub of active volcanic sites like the Ruapehu, Ngauruhoe and Tongariro. These volcanoes have resulted from internal tectonic processes. The intention of the tuku was to enter into a partnership with the Crown, at the time Queen Victoria of England, to ensure the continued protection of Tongariro. [4] The park includes many towns around its boundary including Ohakune, Waiouru, Horopito, Pokaka, Erua, National Park Village, Whakapapa skifield and Turangi. Tongariro National Park has been under the control of the New Zealand Department of Conservation since the creation of the department in 1987. Tongariro National Park was established in 1887, making it the oldest national park in New Zealand, and the sixth-oldest in the world. The Tongariro National Park also teems with insects like moths and wētā. Side trips to the summits of Mount Tongariro and Mount Ngauruhoe are possible on these tracks. The Pihanga Scenic Reserve, containing Lake Rotopounamu, Mount Pihanga and the Kakaramea-Tihia Massif, though separate from the main park area, is still part of the national park. Since this time, the area protected by its National Park status has grown from 2,640 hectares to 25,000 hectares. Genesis Energy has developed mitigation measures with stakeholders that aim to lessen the environmental effects of the Tongariro Power Scheme. There are a … The “dual” means that it is recognized under both cultural and natural criteria. Enclosing over 79,000 hectares, Tongariro National Park boasts diverse landscapes consisting of volcanic peaks, dense beech forests, thermal hot springs and … The first ski hut was built in 1923 at an elevation of 1770 m, thereafter a road, and, in 1938, a ski lift in the area. [6] It is just a few kilometres west-southwest of Lake Taupo. The Whanganui River rises within the park and flows through Whanganui National Park to the west. Tongariro National Park, established in 1887, is New Zealand’s oldest national park and was the world’s fourth national park. There is no accommodation at the ski field; the nearest town is Ohakune. Tongariro was the first national park to be established in New Zealand and the fourth in the world. Guided Walks & Shuttles - Tongariro Alpine Crossing, Tongariro Adventure Outdoors are locally owned & operated, established in 2003. UNESCO Recognised About a century later of its inception this park was awarded the status of a dual UNESCO … The ski clubs each have a 32 guest club on the field accessed by a 4WD road from State Highway 1. That makes it the oldest national parks in the world. Tongariro Alpine Crossing. It’s also a UNESCO World Heritage Site, so you’re guaranteed of pure beauty! The Waitangi Tribunal has today (12 November 2013) released its final report on 41 Treaty claims of ngā iwi and hapū of te kāhui maunga, the chiefly cluster of mountains, which include Tongariro, Ngāuruhoe, Ruapehu, Pīhanga, Hauhungatahi, and … These two ski fields came under common management in 2000. "The immense volcanic vistas of starkly beautiful "moonscapes" dotted with intensely green, turquoise and blue crater lakes-- and, if you're lucky, an amazing azure sky above -- will just about knock you over." The active volcanic mountains Ruapehu, Ngauruhoe, and Tongariro are located in the centre of the park. Legal ownership of the sacred mountain peaks increased significantly from the original 2,640 hectare tuku into a 25,000 hectare land block vested solely in the Crown. The Tongariro Alpine Crossing trail passes the Emerald Lakes and boiling mud pools, culminating at still-active Red Crater. The average temperature is 13 °C, with a maximum of 25 °C in summer and a minimum of -10 °C in winter. Small groups, fun & qualified guides. Some of these measures include lake level management, ecological monitoring programmes, and agreements with local iwi to establish a process for iwi involvement in environmental monitoring and access to information. See Tongariro National Park on Google Maps. It is also a dual World Heritage area, a status which recognises the park's important Maori cultural and spiritual associations as well as its outstanding volcanic features. The 120MW Rangipo power station is 230 m below ground. The last modification to the Act was passed in 1980 A.D. Tongariro National Park has been under the control of the New Zealand Department of Conservation since the creation of the department in 1987 A.D. More land was added, and the park was established by statute in 1894. Its name derives from its location just outside the boundary of Tongariro National Park, New Zealand's first national park, and its only national park from its creation in 1887 until 1900.The village has great views of Mount … This magma being less dense, rises to the surface and goes through the weak parts of the Earth's crust (the faults) resulting in volcanic processes in the area. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The 10 Oldest National Parks in the World", "Data Table - Protected Areas - LINZ Data Service", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tongariro_National_Park&oldid=995377109, All Wikipedia articles written in New Zealand English, Articles needing additional references from March 2007, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Cultural and Natural: (vi), (vii), (viii), This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 18:30. Since the centre of Tongariro National Park lies at least 1000 m above sea level, it is a perfect habitat for several alpine plant species. The Tongariro National Park was the fourth National Park established in the world and the first in New Zealand. It has winter sports such as skiing … [3] These tracks also serve as winter routes, as well as the track to the summit of Mount Ruapehu. 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