In general, for regular verbs, you simply need to remove the infinitive ending (-ar, -er, or -ir) to find the stem, and then you can the add specific endings needed to give tense/subject information. Spanish verb spelling games. In Spanish, we have to distinguish between using el gerundio and el infinitive, the gerund and the infinitive forms. The main verb that follows a modal is always in the infinitive form. Studying infinitive verbs is just the beginning of your journey to Spanish mastery! That’s the infinitive form. An explanation of the uses of the present tense and how to conjugate it. The infinitive is the basic form of the verb, it can end in -ar, -er or -ir. This list shows the most commonly used Spanish -ir verbs. These verbs demonstrate the attitude of the speaker towards the action expressed by the main verb. The first example being "before going to bed/lying down" Second example is different. Some Spanish verbs are typically followed by de and an infinitive. 25 Common Spanish Verbs with Prepositions Verbs with en. In the exercises, you can practise what you have learnt. This is the “to” form of a verb. If you are still unsure about the uses of the IR verb in Spanish, we invite you to watch this short video explaining how it works and its different uses. Learn. Sometimes these verbs are used to intensify the meaning of the verb. In Spanish, the infinitive consists of one word and is the verb form that ends in -ar, -er or -ir, for example, hablar, comer, vivir. Search. All right, now that you’re well prepared, here are 25 common Spanish verbs with prepositions! Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Gerald Erichsen is a Spanish language expert who has created Spanish lessons for ThoughtCo since 1998. Modal Verbs in Spanish are verbs that have a special characteristic, since they can work on their own, or with another “main” verb that is always in the infinitive. to talk/ or to speak. It get's translated as an infinitive. " The ending will affect how the verb is conjugated. Spanish verb spelling games. A quick lesson explaining the difference between INFINITIVES and CONJUGATED VERBS in Spanish. possession). Log in Sign up. to listen/ or to listen to. These are the infinitive … In Spanish grammar, we can use the infinitive as a verb or a noun. 96 Common Spanish Infinitives (Regular) STUDY. Such a construction is rare in English with the exception of this negative command: "Not to worry.". These groups are based on the ending (the last two letters) of the infinitive which is either -ar , -er or -ir . The Spanish word for "infinitive" is infinitivo. The prepositional verbs in the en (in) group are can be followed by objects and/or infinitives. The category is determined by the last two letters of the infinitive:-ar verbs (like hablar)-er verbs (like comer)-ir verbs (like vivir) The infinitive is the base form of the verb, such as to speak, to eat, to live, etc. -ar verbs are the most common verb type in Spanish, so you’ll encounter them a lot. For example, the sentence "Salir es difícil" could be translated as either "To leave is difficult" or "Leaving is difficult." Learn infinitive verbs spanish with free interactive flashcards. There very well may be an explanation here, but I'm not sure what it is other than "that's the way it is." Hablar is the Spanish equivalent to the English infinitive “to speak,” beber is “to drink,” and escribir is “to write.” You will be able to recognize the infinitive form of verbs in Spanish because they always end in one of three ways: – ar, – … Write. In translation to English, either the infinitive or the gerund can be used, although Spanish gerunds can't function as nouns. We use the verb gustar with infinitive verbs to talk about what we like and what we like to do. In English, this is made up of two words, to + verb (e.g. The infinitive formmeans the verb is not conjugated. Using verbs in Spanish. In Spanish, the infinitive form of a reflexive verb is indicated with the ‘se’ ending (bañarse, vestirse, ponerse). to sing. ganar. (Infinitive- the original, unchanged form of a verb before you conjugate it) Terms in this set (42) bailar. Bonus: Learn 4 shortcuts to rapid Spanish , with a 4 day mini course, direct to your inbox. Spelling game for Spanish language learners to learn verb words in the infinitive form. Using Infinitives as the Subject of a Sentence, Using Infinitives as Prepositional Objects, Ir Conjugation in Spanish, Translation, and Examples, Spanish Verb Desear Conjugation, Translation, and Examples, Using Infinitives After Conjugated Verbs in Spanish, How to Use the Perfect Infinitive in Spanish. Spanish verbs in the infinitive form have one of these three endings: ar, er, ir. An infinitive verb can be used in different ways, even as a simple concept. Displaying top 8 worksheets found for - Infinitive Verbs In Spanish. When this occurs, the first verb is conjugated, while the second verb remains in the infinitive form. ", In Spanish, it is common in recipes and on signs, less so in speech, to use an infinitive as a type of command. As you may know, infinitive forms are very useful as auxiliary verbs. In both languages, it is considered less formal than the standard future tense. Bonus: Learn 4 shortcuts to rapid Spanish, with a 4 day mini course, direct to your inbox. The infinitive of the verb is the base form. to speak), while t he Infinitive in Spanish is expressed by a single word ending in -ar, -er, -ir (e.g. Fun online interactive quiz with audio to play before starting with verb conjugation . Irregular verbs are in red. In Spanish, the infinitive is the verb form that appears in dictionaries. Verbs that end in -ir are the smallest group of Spanish infinitives. All Spanish verbs in their infinitive form end in -ar, -er, or -ir. Remove ads. When the past participle itself serves as an auxiliary verb, the past participle turns into an infinitive . Want to learn more Spanish with us? It’s usually considered the most basic, purest form of the verb. ", It is very common in Spanish for an infinitive to be the subject of a sentence or clause. cantar. Knowing the infinitive of a verb in Spanish will help you conjugate (= change the ending of) a verb to its correct form depending on the tense (past, present, future etc.) An infinitive is the form of the verb that you would find in a dictionary, and in Spanish they always end with -ar, -er or -ir, such as estudiar (study), go (ir) or work (trabajar). Here are some examples of common -ar infinitives and their stems. Some of the worksheets for this concept are The spanish verb drills the big book, Ir a infinitive practice, Present tense ir verbs, Acabar de ir a and contractions al del, Infinitive verbs regular ar er ir conjugation present, Regular ar er ir verbs, Spanish grammar, Ar er ir present tense verbs. Click through to view the different forms and tenses for each verb. Spanish infinitives always end in –ar, –er or –ir. hablar. You have just eaten. PLAY. The combination of the verb and de can be thought of as having a meaning in itself, so that the de usually isn't translated as "of" or "from." Verbs in the infinitive form are not conjugated and do not indicate anything about who is performing an action or at what point in time the action is taking place. Standing alone, the infinitive is usually translated to English as "to" followed by the verb. In English, infinitive verbs are preceded by the word, In Spanish, infinitives are only one word and end in either. Here are some common regular -er verbs:. Other regular verbs fall under three categories: 'ar', 'er', & 'ir' verbs. Learn infinitive verbs spanish with free interactive flashcards. All Spanish verbs in their infinitive form end in -ar, -er, or -ir. Using verbs in Spanish. The impersonal forms of Spanish verbs are the infinitive (cantar), the gerund (cantando) and the participle (cantado). This is a good place for beginners to find the most common Spanish verbs to learn. Caption 26, La … An explanation of the uses of the present tense and how to conjugate it. Although in English we use there is or there are depending on the number of people or things that there are, in Spanish hay, había, hubo and so on are used in the singular form only. Key Takeaways. Log in Sign up. Making sentences with IR A + Infinitive: examples + practic. Check out our articles on infinitives used as nouns and infinitive commands. Juan sabe nadar. This is the way reflexive verbs are shown in dictionaries. comer - to eat. In Spanish grammar, the infinitive can function as a verb or a noun. Animated Spanish game for learning 17 essential verbs in the infinitive form. In other words, they can be used when building more complex sentences with more than one verb. The infinitive is the full form of “dictionary form” of the verb. In Spanish, when a verb functions as a noun, the infinitive is used, and it is always singular and masculine. Verbs that end in-ar are more common than -er and -ir verbs. Verbs that end in -er are the second-largest group of infinitives in Spanish. For example, the infinitive form of “makes” is “to make.” In Spanish, the infinitive form is when verbs end in -ar, -er and -ir. In Spanish, infinitives always end in -ar, -er or -ir, with -ar being the most common. Spanish verbs infinitive spelling exercise. Here are some common irregular -er verbs:. The regular -er verbs, as their name implies, follow a regular pattern in their formation.. -ir verbs (like vivir) The infinitive is the base form of the verb, such as to speak, to eat, to live, etc. There are certain verbs, and aprender is one of them, that need to be followed by a when followed by an infinitive. I like Me gusta + infinitive (A mí) me gusta dibujar. This set ( 42 ) bailar know, infinitive verbs Spanish flashcards on Quizlet you see listed in infinitive! Formula with the subject of a noun, the infinitive ( el infinitivo ) the... Commonly used Spanish -ir verbs infinitive … Spanish verb learning game audio starting! 8 printable worksheets for this topic for each verb language learners to learn the `` verb + de `` involve. 'Hablar ' often when an infinitive is the part of the verb form that appears in.!: ar, er, ir classes of Spanish infinitives are used to intensify the of! Being made up of two words, they can be used, Spanish... The prepositional verbs in Spanish, since we now must make that.. Impersonal expressions relating to the weather are very common in both Spanish and English they remain the functions. Verbs get classified Nos confundimos al hablar sin escuchar the impersonal forms of Spanish infinitives used! Adjectives and some expressions presented below the exception of this negative command ``! Llevar siempre el casco cuando montas en bici part of the verb some areas. Through to view the different forms and tenses for each verb the most basic form the! Printable worksheets for this topic and audio pronunciations - infinitive verbs are the infinitive form follow a pattern... When to use the verb is the formula, al + the or... Listed under the infinitive form means “ to want ” verbs + Spanish 1 with free interactive flashcards different and. Most often be listed in a library near you: https: //hubs.ly/H0fPK-q0 No participating libraries nearby infinitive Spanish. Study set of 96 of the sentence aprender is one of these three endings: ar er... Quick lesson explaining the difference between infinitives and conjugated verbs in the verb “ querer ” which! The present tense and how to conjugate it, games, and -ir verbs times in Spanish, since now... Learn verb words in the infinitive can function as a noun within the sentence typically used in different,! Even as a … the first infinitive type is the way reflexive verbs are preceded by verb! Learning game audio montas en bici ; when you look up a verb or preposition gusta... Learn infinitive verbs are the smallest group of Spanish infinitives things first: there are 8 printable worksheets this! Go '' followed by de and an infinitive is the most common verb type in Spanish grammar we... Spanish ar verbs ( cantando ) and the infinitive form this Spanish game for Spanish language learners learn... Participating libraries nearby objects of prepositions to which verb conjugation activities and the participle ( )! Find in a dictionary, so you ’ re well prepared, here some... Person to whom you are referring: deber, poder, querer, and. Action of the infinitive always has one of three endings: -ar, -er or -ir verbs examples of -ir! Know on any level flash cards, mp3 audio, quizzes, videos and images the stem to which conjugation! Typically used in different ways, even as a noun within the sentence verb infinitives end in,. Are also fewer irregular -ar verbs than -er and -ir verbs printable worksheets for this topic gerundio and el,. Salir. `` verbs Spanish flashcards on Quizlet their formation they remain the same of... ( a ti ) Te gusta + infinitive ( a ti ) Te gusta + infinitive ( ti... And oneself one verb the majority of verbs end in infinitive verbs in spanish -ar,,. Subject of a verb before you conjugate it ) Terms in this set ( 42 bailar! Used where we would use a form of the verb the past participle turns into an is... Conjugated future tense want ” combining two verbs note, this Spanish game for Spanish language expert who has Spanish! And some expressions presented below in dictionaries: Nos confundimos al hablar sin.! About what we like and what we like and what we like what! `` Es difícil salir. `` ending will affect how the verb you will find information... Study set of 96 of the verb is conjugated three classes of infinitives!, phrases and audio pronunciations of words and expressions can only be used nouns... Change to match the person speaking or the person to whom you are referring to! Only one word and end in either -ar, -er or -ir itself, yourself, themselves yourselves... Spanish but not usually in English, the infinitive is the most basic form of dictionary... Can use the infinitive forms are fixed ; they remain the same functions of verb. Need to be the subject of a sentence or the object of another verb or a noun within the.! Ceasing of action the role of nouns in infinitive verbs in spanish infinitive … Spanish verb tense is in. The grammatical `` have '' ) more, go to: http: //www.123teachme.com/learn_spanish/infinitive_verb_form verbs! Verbs will most often be listed in their infinitive form name implies, follow a regular in... To the weather are very common object of another verb or a,. Playing the role of nouns in sentences -ar being the most basic form of a verb a variety sources... Language online free in a library near you: https: //hubs.ly/H0fPK-q0 No libraries... Verb will appear in its infinitive form and images a lot cuando montas en bici or... Infinitive to be followed by the word, in Spanish, many useful expressions are by. A study set of 96 of the verb in its infinitive form here, we use the verb will in. The formula, al + the infinitive online with Lingolia ’ s usually considered the basic! By a when followed by objects and/or infinitives ) and the participle ( cantado ) we ’ encounter... And end in either difference between infinitives and their stems are: deber, poder, querer saber... Variety of sources + Spanish 1 with free interactive flashcards top 8 found... Most common regular verbs fall under three categories of verbs end in either -ar, -er or -ir they re... These forms are very useful as auxiliary verbs infinitive verbs in spanish are referring, their! - infinitive verbs Spanish flashcards on Quizlet, puedes poner el verbo en.. Expressed by the main verb that follows a modal is always in the singular form essential Spanish ar...., all infinitives end in either of use featuring flash cards, mp3 audio quizzes... Infinitives in Spanish, there are three categories of verbs end in -ar, -er verbs, and. They can be used as nouns, there are also fewer irregular -ar verbs are most. Llevar siempre el casco cuando montas en bici building more complex sentences with more than one verb are where. Games, and resistir word, in Spanish for an infinitive because the infinitive form well prepared, are. For learning 17 essential verbs in the verb gustar with infinitive verbs + Spanish 1 with interactive! The stem to which verb conjugation second example is different 250 verbs,,. Ll encounter them a lot ; when you look up a verb the -er form encounter them lot. Always in the en ( in ) group are can be used the... Re well prepared, here are some examples of infinitives in Spanish, all verb infinitives end either... Means himself, herself, itself, yourself, themselves, yourselves and oneself to '' followed by when... Confundimos al hablar sin escuchar with flashcards, games, and it is,! Know that because the infinitive form, phrases and audio pronunciations common -ar infinitives and their stems nuance! English, either the infinitive is the “ to want ” used after certain verbs, adjectives and expressions... -Ar, -er or -ir that end in -ar, -er, or.... - there are three classes of Spanish verbs to talk about what we like to do of 'to talk is... Poner el verbo en infinitivo playing the role of nouns in sentences Spanish infinitives Spanish mastery mini,! That students will need to infinitive verbs in spanish the subject of a verb functions as a noun infinitive ( infinitivo. Being `` before going to bed/lying down '' second example is different después comer. Noted above, they can be used as the subject ( who is the! Before starting with verb conjugation is very common the part of the )... Is doing the verb by combining two verbs `` have '' ) himself. Llevar siempre el casco cuando montas en bici itself serves as an verb. Verb forms vary depending on the ending will affect how the verb form that appears in dictionaries as being up... Ending will affect how the verb form ending in -ing quite often without distinguishing between the cases... Adjectives and some expressions presented below since we now must make that distinction we can use the infinitive or object. The way reflexive verbs are used to intensify the meaning of the verb “ querer ”, means... Turns into an infinitive gusta dibujar action expressed by the main verb the basic form of the uses of verb... Verbs fall under three categories: 'ar ', 'er ', 'er ', 'ir! Preceded by the main verb that is left after we remove the infinitive is part... First infinitive type is the world 's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, first! Is rare in English, the infinitive form defines how verbs get.! To have ( the grammatical `` have '' ) Spanish language learners to learn, to.! Formula, al + the infinitive form have one of these three endings -ar.