/Rect [5 571 216 787 ] Track and sign info for 71 mammals of North America (see full list below). All formats available for PC, Mac, eBook Readers and other mobile devices. endobj Track and sign interpretation – this component of animal tracking looks at the signs left by invertebrates, amphibians, birds, reptiles and mammals. 6. �Dq � TRACKING ANIMALS IN WILDLIFE VIDEOS USING FACE DETECTION TILO BURGHARDT, JANKO ĆALIĆ, BARRY T. THOMAS Dept. �Dq � 520. 2. << Tracking is an art form as well as a skill. in winter, many animals are severely stressed to gather enough energy to stay alive. FB��r2��s84�A�И\6�����R,/# �"��,1A�� �b0 aa��@T6Š�C� Bug Tracing Pages Bugs to trace and words to print with these fun bug pictures. By looking at the signs or clues it leaves behind! A Doctor’s Degree comprises 240 ECTS credits (4 years of full-time studies). No track will register straight down. /Title (OA Guide to Animal Tracking) Escaping from a human prescence could rob them of enough energy that they can no longer sustain themselves. Keywords "animal tracks" Created Date: 1/27/2011 2:39:30 PM It's exciting to discover a footprint in the mud or snow, a tell … You may wish to make a sketch. endobj Burrows are tunnels that provide shelter to animal, and often lead to a den of some kind. Animal Track Cards.pdf. Practice your students’ critical thinking skills as they learn about the Fort Wayne Children’s Zoo Australian animals. This paper presents a real-time method for extracting information about the locomotive activity of animals in wildlife videos by detecting and tracking the animals' faces. Traditionally, tracking has been defined as the art of being able to follow people or animals by the signs they leave when they move. stream The first thing to learn about tracking is knowing where to look for animals. At the start of Scouting, Baden Powell wrote about the importance of the skill of tracking. Tracking of animals in the wild is predominantly done through teleme-try [14], but this has serious drawbacks: the need to tag animals with sensors limits the application to only 0.3% of all species [15]; and tags can affect the behaviour ob-served [18]. Get down on your hands and knees. They include ten visual images of common Minnesota animals and the tracks they make. Identifying Animals Examine a footprint. Track early in the morning or late in the day when shadows make prints easier to see. �B��Ֆ�;���p2�+����u �P���(|��:���s�lA��3�&TA�S���(ћ d+�f#����LD؂�hj��r7�E˭$�͎{��Z3�ŝh �;G jX���sZ��̈��tΩ׈M76�X�Ւ�C�\���RMr Me�";��]l���B�e�C��-\CC��,I�0�a�O+0�P����?�M�4d|�tZ0t�(��2vQ�3 ��Y̢�QQ��輬�p�0\A�$���}D!����[�s1� �g,�q��(�7h� Signs are anything besides a track proper that is an indication of an animal (e.g. Using colored pencils or markers, students color in the different parts of the track. Tracking animals starts with an understanding that all ambulatory creatures have a distinctive way of moving across the earth. Study the ground closely. See it as an opportunity to learn something new alongside with your child! See it as an opportunity to learn something new alongside with your child! Animal Tracking is the ability to gather evidence of local wildlife like tracks, scat & other animal sign, and then use these clues to interpret animal behavior and locate wildlife in the environment. >> all animals disposed on-farm and PID number. Unlike terrestrial animals, aquatic animals move up and down in the water column and can, therefore, be difficult to locate and estimate populations. In Proc. 5. 2 0 obj The innate ability that these six types of dogs possess elevates them to their dominant position among some of the best tracking dogs in the world. Books. Precise front and hind track drawings for every animal. Download full-text PDF. Animal tracking offers an exciting, engaging outdoor activity for teachers, naturalists, camp leaders, nature center educators and parents. Trace the words that belong to them. Can you imagine running a trap-line before going to school? /Filter /LZWDecode Look at the pattern of the tracks, too – that shows how the animal moved – an important clue! Just like subsurface trails (tunnels), burrow entrance holes can be measured to gauge the size of what animal might have created it … Getting too close to animals can cause serious disturbances including: abandoning young, disturbing nesting grounds, damaging foraging areas, and may even cause the animal\220s death. Who’s Leaving Behind the Footprints? Early pioneers fol- lowed the river courses of the New World to set the stage for the greateet empire on earth, all through an intimate knowledge of animals, their haunts, signs of abundance or scarcity. ] Cleve Cheney, a master at tracking both animals and humans, defines tracking as “learning to use all your senses to monitor your surroundings and to make logical and realistic deductions from what you have observed.” �{ Aquatic animal tracking helps us save animals, save the planet and save ourselves. Trailing – this component involves following tracks to find the animal. Today, it is possible to track the enemies of the United States through electronic means, such as the equipment used with sensitive site exploitation (SSE) techniques, as well as tagging, tracking, and locating TTP. >> 3-LS3-1 Analyze and interpret data to provide evidence that plants and animals have traits inherited from parents and that variation of these traits exists in a group of similar organisms. ̈� �ˢ��҉�m'�:�{kCr�l���"���w'J����m�'�%��p��'�)i����s���;�j*GjKIl�$t���h��FJ�y�{�vݼyd�?ὄ�s^r]�� ���$�Mmz(��,�A��_�����9�L9)d=�Dw(n�a�ǧ�H)I�=ˢ�O�B�-сp�"uv��!��N��g\��~n����L$R��u�sN��TA$E˙� 2 0 obj (Ex. remember that you are only a visitor into their habitat.) Trace animals that you see around town and at the zoo. This is a Swedish Licentiate’s Thesis. /Author (Rick Curtis) >> de Polavieja Nature Methods 11(7):743-748 (2014) pdf | web | Open Labbook << All learning takes place in the field using field guides, photographs and presentations to supplement practical training. You must treasure this gift and respect the animals by being non-intrus\ Researchers have long attempted to follow animals as they move through their environment. Tracking animals in freshwater with electronic tags: past, present and future Tracking animals often leads to find a variety of different kinds of burrows. How do you know an animal has been in an area? Discover (and save!) your own Pins on Pinterest 07-29-2010, 05:46 AM Keywords "animal tracks" Created Date: 1/27/2011 2:39:30 PM Tracking small animals using these technologies used to be difficult because the transmitters were so large. The following are animal track identification sheets. Always \ The softer the soil, the greater the slope of the wall creating a larger distortion between the overall track and the true track. Here are the best tracking dogs inno particular order. ive. 3. B�X[8 �X�('�Ds���:�q��a6O�#1���a1��&�8��T%K�q�\,d6ϰ)��PBʔ�V gT� Journal Of Research-National Institute Of Stan- ̈� �ˢ��҉�m'�:�{kCr�l���"���w'J����m�'�%��p��'�)i����s���;�j*GjKIl�$t���h��FJ�y�{�vݼyd�?ὄ�s^r]�� ���$�Mmz(��,�A��_�����9�L9)d=�Dw(n�a�ǧ�H)I�=ˢ�O�B�-сp�"uv��!��N��g\��~n����L$R��u�sN��TA$E˙� /Title (OA Guide to Animal Tracking) Revealing the hidden lives of underground animals with magneto-inductive tracking. /Length 13392 Animal tracking for kids: Recommended resources. �l4U���{z@��`\㥜z`M�\�Ů�"㕇4笣�OAj ���!���?g�$�"|��WQ�{� ��KY�1+%�O3h�!�P4��z�3��WE��,޹���6��\ɯh�\6�5���z Also, many people hunted for food and trapped for extra income. [/CalRGB /Creator (Adobe PageMaker 6.0) remember that you are only a visitor into their habitat.) One could say GPS monitoring has officially gone to the dogs. To transfer the obtained data effectively through resource diverse nodes, a network protocol, termed the Adaptive Social Hierarchy (ASH) was designed that ranks nodes /Matrix [0.4497 0.2446 0.02518 0.3163 0.672 0.1412 0.1845 0.08334 0.9227] Saved by Kelly Learned. B�X[8 �X�('�Ds���:�q��a6O�#1���a1��&�8��T%K�q�\,d6ϰ)��PBʔ�V gT� wildlife tracking has resulted in homogeneous solutions. ive. For tips on getting very young children interested in animal tracking, check out these preschool and kindergarten activities. Many of the plants and animals found in Australia occur 4. Ani- mal numbers, haunts, dens, general habits are learned rapidly from impressiona in the mud or sand or snow This paper presents an algorithm for detection and tracking of animal faces in wildlife videos. Equations for the magnetic field produced by one or more rectangular loops of wire in the same plane. /Keywords () Extra activity: Use different color pens or highlighters to mark the feelings, negative thoughts and positive thoughts in the stories. There are now GPS receivers that are solar powered and small enough to attach to a bird! Some signs may include: tracks, scat, homes, sounds, and signs of feeding. Swedish postgraduate education leads to a Doctor’s degree and/or a Licentiate’s degree. /Gamma [1.8 1.8 1.8] Differences in the track patterns of walking, trotting, and running animals tell if an animal was relaxed, if it had a specific destination in mind, or if it was in flight. idTracker: Tracking individuals in a group by automatic identification of unmarked animals A. Pérez-Escudero, J. Vicente-Page, R.C. stream �"!9(��9�ȃ����x�7��л/ Color the picture. Download full-text PDF Read full-text. M ovement is a defining characteristic ofanimals. Many of the plants and animals found in Australia occur /Open true �l4U���{z@��`\㥜z`M�\�Ů�"㕇4笣�OAj ���!���?g�$�"|��WQ�{� ��KY�1+%�O3h�!�P4��z�3��WE��,޹���6��\ɯh�\6�5���z Once only used to track employees and criminals, tracking systems are now used to monitor everything from dogs, cats, and almost every other animal walking, crawling, or swimming on the Earth. /Subject (animal tracking) • Tracking animals can also be a great way to learn more of the basic biology of certain organisms, and are fun and easy to learn at the elementary school age • Class participants will work in groups of two or three and will be asked to make sure their own computers are on �"!9(��9�ȃ����x�7��л/ Oftentimes these signs will tell a story about that animal. 1 0 obj His superb works, the volumes Of Lives of Came Animals clearly shows the great import he gave to tracks as a means of identification. The But it is an art that can be taught and a skill that can be acquired. ] Tracking Australian Animals Objectives Students will learn about different footprints after visiting the zoo. 1-2. Animal track activity sheets Author: Project WILD Subject: The following are animal track identification sheets. << Double tagging will be useful for producers on the farm, says Atkinson. Tag loss is still a problem and dual tagging provides back-up if a tag is lost or worn, he adds. This has segmented the solution space into animals which can be tracked using wireless networks and those that cannot, due to weight restrictions placed on the tracking collar. The tracks of the animals can reveal a lot of Hinz, S. Arganda, G.G. �{ /Producer (Acrobat Distiller 2.1 PE for Windows) As an example application, the system is trained on lions. [4] M. Misakian. Detailed track, gait, and similar species descriptions. To take measures to protect endangered species, we have to know that those species are endangered in the first place. Animal Tracking Technology GPS Trackers For Animals . There are now GPS receivers that are solar powered and small enough to attach to a bird! Track markings, then, have been a tool of knowledge for man down through the ages. /Subtype /Text �#�z���L�d����`��^�ve'�. 120 detailed skull photos for 41 of the species. /T (OA Guide to Animal Tracking) XH!�e�ʌ�1����1ە'uv�K�#:hų��g];���ՉS,�,�� j�a:l��$��A���U�h.���V�w:"H.�*����Qe�S��H��P�tmpY�Eh�e�Xit��y*��[��1�N��2�u����Y����F@T#�Du�Ɇ���ԉ�Fg�$s���\x��B)�|+ �Q���SɊ����� ባ�V�s�Ε�Re=pf�̍кLv�S)X*3�P�e���'�pme4h��vV�eY���#;�^Z�P����VXQ�I���6:{T�.�ud�]��1�X�c\m���8ma�*��K�a D5P\iC�+ �4��A�!�L���E��*ʶ�ё`�E�)�%D��B�M2�5����Ғ��PVl)���yf��X�\�@�h7���+̽�1�(�f����Ltj0�?6��;b��(4���"�3JM�qAt>� /Type /Annot /CreationDate (D:19960212222045) endobj << See also: Animal Tracking Quiz, Make an Instant Tracking Box to Learn Animal Tracking NEW. of Computer Science, University of Bristol, Bristol BS81UB, UK E-mail: {burghard , janko, barry}@cs.bris.ac.uk This paper presents an algorithm for detection and tracking of animal faces in wildlife videos. The climate crisis and the potential extinction of up to a million animal and plant species may pose an existential threat to humans. %PDF-1.1 trails, scat etc.). There is always some angled component (looking at the track cross-section) either from the foot entering or the foot leaving. G�H�qΧ#���)*��a��.F#qp�e:��Z�P�F���#-�TW.�C2��"e0� ��� ����3��p:#-�w��Sw8�dM�O�� 2���,���y�b�t�� Read full-text. In many parts of Africa, the ancient survival skills of tracking wild animals have disappeared at an alarming rate – alarming because without these skills, humanity’s connection to the Earth is significantly reduced. endobj Animal Coloring Pages Coloring Pages For Kids Forest Animals Woodland Animals Animal Footprints Wild Kratts Nocturnal Animals Wild Animals Baby Animals. Learning to track is not only a useful wilderness living skill, and a way to learn a lot more about nature and the wilderness — but it is also a great way to slow down, and adopt more of a "wildernes mind". Invasive species alter ecosystem structure and function when they establish in new habitats. Note the size of the track and whether it shows claw marks. /Rect [5 571 216 787 ] 1. 4-LS1-1 Construct an argument that plants and animals have internal and external structures that function to support survival, growth, behavior and reproduction. As an example the algorithm is applied to lion faces. He invented many /Open true Large selection and many more categories to choose from. Today, scientists are working on ways to make the tracking devices smaller. endobj Tracking Australian Animals Objectives Students will learn about different footprints after visiting the zoo. The detection algorithm is based on a human face detection method, utilising Haar-like features and AdaBoost classifiers. O"N��3vX�"w��"��rsC]F�G~� a,��U5x���`r�dA5CP3ح39t From routinely performing work-related tasks to scientifi cally exploring the complexities of our world, GIS gives people the geographic advantage to become more productive, more aware, and more Tracking small animals using these technologies used to be difficult because the transmitters were so large. ut along the lines of the story to create a booklet. Trace the picture, trace the words, print the words in upper and lowercase. Remote monitoring of free-living animals with electronic tags (i.e. It gives you the ability to come into the center of the lives and homes of animals. /Contents (Learning to track is a sacred responsibility. Animal tracking is a fun nature activity for preschoolers as well as older children, and it can be done any time of the year. Background information Because Australia has been separated from the other continents for millions of years, its plant and animal life have developed in unique ways. Animal tracks are easiest to find in mud, soft garden soil, sand, and snow. Fox: The fox is the smallest canine in the group and have the smallest print (2 to 3”), almost dainty … >> The underlying G�H�qΧ#���)*��a��.F#qp�e:��Z�P�F���#-�TW.�C2��"e0� ��� ����3��p:#-�w��Sw8�dM�O�� 2���,���y�b�t�� /Author (Rick Curtis) 3 0 obj Discover (and save!) It gives you the ability to come into the center of the lives and homes of animals. /Contents (Learning to track is a sacred responsibility. Most people don't read the true track. XH!�e�ʌ�1����1ە'uv�K�#:hų��g];���ՉS,�,�� j�a:l��$��A���U�h.���V�w:"H.�*����Qe�S��H��P�tmpY�Eh�e�Xit��y*��[��1�N��2�u����Y����F@T#�Du�Ɇ���ԉ�Fg�$s���\x��B)�|+ �Q���SɊ����� ባ�V�s�Ε�Re=pf�̍кLv�S)X*3�P�e���'�pme4h��vV�eY���#;�^Z�P����VXQ�I���6:{T�.�ud�]��1�X�c\m���8ma�*��K�a D5P\iC�+ �4��A�!�L���E��*ʶ�ё`�E�)�%D��B�M2�5����Ғ��PVl)���yf��X�\�@�h7���+̽�1�(�f����Ltj0�?6��;b��(4���"�3JM�qAt>� << The conference on Tracking Animals with GPS, held at The Macaulay Institute in Aberdeen, Scotland, on the 12th and 13th of March 2001, was one of our contributions to the development of that network and the flow of information. /Keywords () /Subtype /Text 3TA�j۵*���A@跮.�������:��ʍ/���A|F� n��������7�,��7�C�¹�o늰D�X^8:�p���l3��jί� *M�`NJ���;�9�����x��x����ں6�H�7���A7"S��2�z&7#�6�>��Џ3�3��������Ӵ��@,Ԉ�9‹�B�lҶ�0c4MA@���C���1;�C�N�@���6�#e~6?��n�9�C��8.SP�B �3���2Df8#�V�|d���K ���4U��cCI�8�)�3�E�a��T��o��F]���BQr��1���D��3��h�x�҄qxa�b&�Ј��:�n^4�Gѥ��k@�0��#p�)���vn��C`ꈍO�oHǸ��2A(��j�@A]��[��98@4Z���[!�x7��/�s3��Bc4�#5� Cx��k׈[!�o�4*v��0�buZ���:ݥ�Ͳ�5�P�G�6 Ag9+-�q��%�4�C��G�S9���] �Bm�X���������ÆC���%9���_�߼��3�E���B�N#��ǃ2�2��7��\� sign markings and animal tracks. This is the ‘one size fits all’ approach, where a single type of tracking device has been designed. /WhitePoint [0.9505 1 1.089] Background information Because Australia has been separated from the other continents for millions of years, its plant and animal life have developed in unique ways. Children may also trace their feet to compare with the different animal tracks. endobj Fortunately, track patterns for different gaits are almost universal among four-legged mammals. You must treasure this gift and respect the animals by being non-intrus\ 5 0 obj Animal Track Identification Guide The black and white sketches in this guide represent actual size tracks for an adult animal. /T (OA Guide to Animal Tracking) Much of this is done by what is called “sign tracking”. They read the horizon cuts (overall trac… /Length 13392 GIS applications can be embedded into common activities such as verifying an address. FB��r2��s84�A�И\6�����R,/# �"��,1A�� �b0 aa��@T6Š�C� Getting too close to animals can cause serious disturbances including: abandoning young, disturbing nesting grounds, damaging foraging areas, and may even cause the animal\220s death. calculations for tracking storms or predicting erosion patterns. of ACM Sen-Sys 2010, Zurich, Switzerland, 2010. Escaping from a human prescence could rob them of enough energy that they can no longer sustain themselves. Although preventing or managing invasions is extremely important for maintaining biodiversity, doing so is difficult and requires efficient intervention. Scientists have successfully utilized tracking system technology to track the movements of blue sheep, mating patterns of turtles, and migration sequences of sunfish, and that is not even the tip of the iceberg of the wealth of information gathered from GPS tracking technology. Traditionally, tracking has been defined as the art of being able to follow people or animals by the signs they leave when they move. ANIMAL Winter is a great time to look for animal tracks in the snow. Tracks are typically imprints or trace-outlines made by feet but may also include marks left by an animal’s tail, head, antlers, or any other body part that touches another surface. Simultaneous tracking of multiple animals is leading to new insights on species interactions and, scaled up, may enable distributed monitoring of both animals and our changing environment. in winter, many animals are severely stressed to gather enough energy to stay alive. your own Pins on Pinterest Have students trace the track onto their worksheet and answer the questions about the track. GPS Tracking Animals. 3TA�j۵*���A@跮.�������:��ʍ/���A|F� n��������7�,��7�C�¹�o늰D�X^8:�p���l3��jί� *M�`NJ���;�9�����x��x����ں6�H�7���A7"S��2�z&7#�6�>��Џ3�3��������Ӵ��@,Ԉ�9‹�B�lҶ�0c4MA@���C���1;�C�N�@���6�#e~6?��n�9�C��8.SP�B �3���2Df8#�V�|d���K ���4U��cCI�8�)�3�E�a��T��o��F]���BQr��1���D��3��h�x�҄qxa�b&�Ј��:�n^4�Gѥ��k@�0��#p�)���vn��C`ꈍO�oHǸ��2A(��j�@A]��[��98@4Z���[!�x7��/�s3��Bc4�#5� Cx��k׈[!�o�4*v��0�buZ���:ݥ�Ͳ�5�P�G�6 Ag9+-�q��%�4�C��G�S9���] �Bm�X���������ÆC���%9���_�߼��3�E���B�N#��ǃ2�2��7��\� Tracking In 1910 many boys probably had farm animals or lived close to farm animals so they frequently saw tracks. >> I'm new to tracking so I would like to ask you all what you think is a good book for an introduction into tracking animals and being more alert to sign in the forest? They include ten visual images of common Minnesota animals and the tracks they make. Trappers are past magter8 at track identification. For example,\ %���� the puppets as a way for the child to stay engaged in the story and the T Animals page as a way to help remind the child of the skills they have learned. Animal tracking is a lot like being a detective.Every track and sign is another clue that tells us valuable information we can use to read the fascinating stories of local wildlife.Most trackers primarily focus on what kind of animal left a track, and while this is definitely a valuable skill, … New technologies have opened up new frontiers in animal tracking remote data collection. At a casual walk, the hind foot of most animals prints on top of the front track. /Matrix [0.4497 0.2446 0.02518 0.3163 0.672 0.1412 0.1845 0.08334 0.9227] In 2013, the Bloodhound This is the first dog every person immediately thinks of when tracking … This paper presents an algorithm for detection and tracking of animal faces in wildlife videos. When a track is made, the heel slides into the ground, registers and pulls out. Always \ Download Animals & Pets Books for FREE. << /WhitePoint [0.9505 1 1.089] Dec 26, 2013 - This Pin was discovered by Jimmie Perez. BOUNDERS WALKERS WADDLERS GALLOPERS Track Pattern Track Pattern See how different the shapes are? A beautiful, easy to use interface. only tracking animals – environmental variables, people and vehicles can all be moni-tored, allowing for rich wildlife tracking studies. About 1/2 of tracking is sign tracking the other 1/2 is working with actual tracks. /Gamma [1.8 1.8 1.8] /Type /Annot 5 0 obj 5 Small Birds junko tracks crow track in snow Other bird tracks in this guide: Duck page 11 Goose page 13 Grouse page 14 Gull page 14 Wild turkey page 25 junko Crows StudyWorks! movement of animal. For example,\ The best part is that you don’t need to be an expert to track animals, as long as you’re equipped with some curiosity about the natural world. Animals move to find critical resources such as food and mates and to avoid risk factors such as predators, The detection algorithm is based on a human face detection method, utilising Haar-like features and AdaBoost classifiers. Hussey et al. Dec 10, 2013 - This Pin was discovered by Koala Pete Kids. Title: OA Guide to Animal Tracking Author: Rick Curtis Subject: animal tracking Created Date: 2/12/1996 10:20:45 PM Animal tracking is a fun nature activity for preschoolers as well as older children, and it can be done any time of the year. The best part is that you don’t need to be an expert to track animals, as long as you’re equipped with some curiosity about the natural world. >> Use this guide to help you identify what critter has left its tracks. Included in this section are inquiry-oriented animal tracking activity kits, animal track field guides, track casting supplies and animal tracking books. /CreationDate (D:19960212222045) Until relatively recently, however, such efforts were limited to short distances and times in species large enough to carry large batteries and transmitters. Over 700 high quality track, sign, and animal photos with detailed captions. << << /Creator (Adobe PageMaker 6.0) Use this “field guide” to discover your own animal stories. 1 0 obj /Producer (Acrobat Distiller 2.1 PE for Windows) /Subject (animal tracking) Today, scientists are working on ways to make the tracking devices smaller. After students completed 4 tracks, explain how to use the Mystery Tracks Key using an example. >> Pass out stencils and Mystery Track data sheet. 3 0 obj An understanding /Filter /LZWDecode Reporting movements, dead animals and PID numbers will be in the mandatory federal regulation, he adds. An understanding of the thought processes and the TTP used in traditional tracking are useful as an adjunct to—and a basis for—understanding an array of modern, technologically-based tracking activities. Recognize the signs. automated robotic tracking of gelatinous animals in the deep ocean a dissertation submitted to the department of mechanical engineering and the committee on graduate studies of stanford university in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of doctor of philosophy jason h. rife december 2003 followed the tracks of wild animals closely. >> �#�z���L�d����`��^�ve'�. By paying attention to the size, shape, pattern, and distinct features of the tracks left by an animal, you can determine which animal left the track and then determine what the animal was doing. O"N��3vX�"w��"��rsC]F�G~� a,��U5x���`r�dA5CP3ح39t Tracking Australian Animals Connecting kids and animals, strengthening families, and inspiring people to care. %PDF-1.1 Also, telemetry does not provide information Tracking of Animals Using Airborne Cameras Clas Veibäck. REVIEW Open Access Tracking animals in freshwater with electronic tags: past, present and future Steven J Cooke1*, Jonathan D Midwood1, Jason D Thiem1, Peter Klimley2, Martyn C Lucas3, Eva B Thorstad4, John Eiler5, Chris Holbrook6 and Brendan C Ebner7 Abstract Considerable technical developments over the past half century have enabled widespread application of electronic F - Front Track H - Hind Track T - tail marks may be present T R A C K P A T T E R N POCKET GUIDE TO N.H. %���� Tracking Animals — How To Read Animal Tracks. Zoo Tracing Pages Animals that live in the zoo tracing pages. 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